Book of John
Book of John
John’s account of Jesus’ life was written later than Matthew, Mark, and Luke and is unlike these books in that it differs in form and content from them. Most of the information presented in his writings is unique to his book and is not found in the other accounts. He includes none of Jesus’ parables and only seven of his miracles, five of which only he reports. The main emphasis of his writing is to prove that Jesus was the christ, the son of God. (John 20:31) At the time that John wrote his gospel, there were many false teachers who were teaching that Jesus was not the son of God but merely a human. He stressed the importance of belief in Jesus using the word ninety-eight times throughout his book.
John was a fisherman and became a disciple of Jesus along with his brother, James, the two of whom Jesus called the “sons of thunder.” (Mark 3:17) He was also known as the “disciple that Jesus loved.” He was included among the three disciples that Jesus took with him on the mountain when the transfiguration occurred. He was also the one to whom Jesus entrusted his mother when he was dying on the stake. John is thought to have been related to Jesus as their mothers may have been sisters.
John’s gospel account is unique also in the respect that the length of Jesus’ ministry can be determined because he shows that Jesus celebrated the Jewish Passover four times. John uses a very simple and forthright manner of writing that is easy to understand. He uses contrasts such as light and darkness, truth and falsehood, and good and bad. He also reports the fact that Jesus used many commons things from ordinary life such as water, bread, light, the vine and sheep to teach spiritual things. Many of the teachings of Jesus as reported by John were not intended for the crowds but for his disciples only.