Book of Job
Book of Job
The book of Job is the first of the section of the Bible known as the wisdom or poetic books. Jewish tradition holds that Moses compiled this book during the time the nation was in the wilderness. Some scholars say that Job may have written some of the material after Jehovah restored his health and that Moses, while he lived in Midian, may have become familiar with his account. Job is thought to have lived during days of the patriarchs sometime after Joseph death and before Jehovah began using Moses. The reasoning given for this time period is the statement made in the first chapter that "there is no one like Job in the earth." (Job 1:8)
The book of Job is unique in its structure as it is a mixture of prose and poetry, monologue and dialogue as well as containing narrative prose. Even secular critics view this book as being an exceptional dramatic work. Its poetry is composed of parallel thoughts; some of which are contrasting and while others are synonymous. The book is composed of a series of dialogues by Job's three friends, Job himself, a young man named Elihu and God who spoke to Job out of a whirlwind.
Job is mainly concerned that he is suffering unjustly, that God had allowed it to happen and he wants to plead his case before the Almighty God because he believes that he will be vindicated. In the end, he learns that his understanding of matters is misguided and he repents before Jehovah and his health and wealth are restored to him.