Book of Nahum
Nahum’s prophecies are directed against the city of Nineveh but are not a message of repentance as with the prophecy of Jonah. As verse 1 suggests, they are a burden or oracle against Nineveh. Nahum referred to Nineveh as the “city of bloodshed that was full of lies and pillage.” (Nahum 3:1) Even after Jehovah spared the city during Jonah’s day, they later reverted to wickedness, brutality and pride for which she would have to pay.
His words against Nineveh were an encouragement to Judah who was suffering because of Nineveh advancing into Judean territory after she destroyed Samaria. Jehovah would come to the rescue of those who put their trust in Him. Nahum describes Jehovah as a “God who takes vengeance on His enemies.” As the name Nahum means “comforter,” his words would bring comfort to Judah.
There is no definitive way to determine when Nahum recorded his prophecy but scholars believe it was written was before the rise of the Babylonian empire possibly during the reign of Josiah, king of Judah. Nahum gives a vivid description of the fall of Nineveh that has been substantiated by historians.